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Biochemistry. 1994 Aug 23;33(33):10200-6.

Replacement of serine 237 in class A beta-lactamase of Proteus vulgaris modifies its unique substrate specificity.

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Division of Microbial Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, Japan.


The chromosomal beta-lactamase gene of Proteus vulgaris K1 was cloned and sequenced. The gene comprises 813 nucleotides and codes for the mature enzyme of 29,655 Da, comprising 271 amino acids. The K1 beta-lactamase showed 30-70% similarity, in the overall amino acid sequence, to class A beta-lactamases of Gram-negative bacteria. However, the K1 beta-lactamase differs from most class A enzymes in having a unique substrate specificity as a cephalosporinase, its spectrum extending to even oxyiminocephalosporins. To clarify the relationship between its unique substrate specificity and specific amino acid residues, alignment of the amino acid sequence of the K1 beta-lactamase with those of class A beta-lactamases was performed, and Ala104 and Ser237 were found to be candidates. Ala104 and Ser237 were replaced with glutamic acid and alanine, respectively, which are commonly found in other class A beta-lactamases. The substitution at position 104 had no effect on the enzyme activity or the substrate specificity. The amino acid replacement at position 237, however, reduced the kcat/Km value for an oxyiminocephalosporin (cefuroxime) to 17% of that in the case of the wild-type enzyme, whereas the mutant enzyme showed a higher kcat/Km value for benzylpenicillin, 3 times, than that of the wild-type enzyme. These results indicated that Ser237 is one of the residues responsible for the unique substrate specificity of the P. vulgaris beta-lactamase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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