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Xenobiotica. 1994 Apr;24(4):369-77.

Stereoselective pharmacokinetics and interconversions of flosequinan enantiomers containing chiral sulphoxide in rat.

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Division of Drug Metabolism, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


1. In order to study the pharmacokinetics of flosequinan enantiomers ((+-)-7-fluoro-1-methyl-3-methylsulphinyl-4-quinolone) containing chiral sulphur, plasma levels of (+)-(R)- and (-)-(S)-flosequinan (R-FSO and S-FSO) and two metabolites (flosequinan sulphide (FS) and flosequinan sulphone (FSO2)) were measured after oral and i.v. administration of racemic flosequinan (rac-FSO), R-FSO and S-FSO in male rat. 2. The pharmacokinetic parameters of the enantiomers were different after oral and i.v. administration of R-FSO and S-FSO. The plasma clearance of R-FSO was higher than S-FSO. 3. The major metabolites of boh R-FSO and S-FSO was FSO2. A minor metabolite, FS, was also detected in plasma. 4. Interconversions occurred after the oral and i.v. administration of R-FSO and S-FSO. The amount of interconversion from S-FSO and R-FSO was greater than that from R-FSO to S-FSO. The rate of interconversion after oral administration was higher than that after i.v. administration. 5. After i.v. administration of FS, R-FSO and S-FSO were detected in plasma, suggesting that the interconversion occurred via formation of FS. 6. The pharmacokinetic parameters of R-FSO after administration of rac-FSO differed from that after administration of R-FSO, indicating the interaction between each enantiomer.

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