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Plasmid. 1994 May;31(3):275-87.

Characterization of pPT23B, the plasmid involved in syringolide production by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato PT23.

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Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Riverside 92521.


Avirulence gene D (avrD) in strain PT23 of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) specifies the production of syringolides, which are elicitors of plant defense reactions. An 83-kb indigenous plasmid (pPT23B) that carries avrD has been mapped and characterized and a putative par region was identified. pPT23B contains a large amount of DNA that is repeated in other native plasmids in PT23. A putative mobile insertion element that occurs on plasmid pPT23A as well as on the chromosome was also identified in strain PT23. New broad-host-range expression vectors that functioned in Pst were constructed for overexpression of the cloned avrD gene and high-level production of the syringolides. Introduction of an avrD overexpression plasmid into PT23 or plasmid-cured strains led to identical syringolide peaks on HPLC with no new peaks observed. These results suggested that neither pPT23B nor other indigenous plasmids in Pst carry additional genes required for syringolide production or metabolism. Pst strains lacking pPT23B were not impaired in virulence on tomato plants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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