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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1994 Apr;349(4):355-61.

Histamine H1-receptors in HL-60 monocytes are coupled to Gi-proteins and pertussis toxin-insensitive G-proteins and mediate activation of Ca2+ influx without concomitant Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular stores.

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Institut für Pharmakologie, Universitätsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.


The results of binding studies suggest the presence of histamine H1-receptors in human monocytes, but it is not known whether these receptors are functionally active. This prompted us to study the effects of histamine (HA) on cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and superoxide anion (O2-) formation in HL-60 cells differentiated towards monocytes with 1 alpha,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol. In HL-60 monocytes, HA increased [Ca2+]i with a half-maximal effect at 8 microM and a maximum at 30-100 microM. Pertussis toxin (PTX) partially inhibited the stimulatory effects of HA on [Ca2+]i. Betahistine, a weak partial H1-receptor agonist, also increased [Ca2+]i, whereas H2- and H3-receptor agonists were ineffective. H1- but not H2- and H3-receptor antagonists inhibited HA-induced rises in [Ca2+]i. HA-induced rises in [Ca2+]i were desensitized in a homologous manner and were also inhibited by the activator of protein kinase C, 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Various protein kinase C inhibitors did not interfere with homologous desensitization. The stimulatory effects of HA on [Ca2+]i were completely dependent on the presence of extracellular Ca2+ and were inhibited by the blocker of non-selective cation (NSC) channels, 1-(beta-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)propoxyl]-4-methoxyphenethyl)-1 H-imidazole hydrochloride (SK & F 96365). HA was much less effective than the chemotactic peptide, N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP), to induce rises in [Ca2+]i. Unlike fMLP, HA did not activate O2- formation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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