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Magn Reson Med. 1994 Mar;31(3):273-82.

Diffusion and relaxation mapping of cartilage-bone plugs and excised disks using microscopic magnetic resonance imaging.

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Cornell Center for Advanced Technology (Biotechnology Program), Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-2703.


Spatially resolved maps of proton self-diffusion coefficients (D) and relaxation times (T1 and T2) were obtained on cartilage-bone plug samples and on excised disks of canine cartilage at a transverse resolution of 30 microns, using microscopic magnetic resonance imaging (micro-MRI). Results are compared for excised disks of cartilage and intact cartilage-bone plugs. Correlations between the absolute water concentration, the self-diffusion coefficient and the T1 relaxation are reported. The diffusion coefficient is not a linear function of water concentration. The thickness of the disks is 600 microns, compared with the ca. 900 microns observed for the cartilage-bone plugs, presumably due to the absence of the interfacial or tidemark layer of interdigitated cartilage and bone in the former samples. Our results suggest that excised disks of cartilage are excellent models for the articular surface and the first 500 or so microns of tissue. The molecular parameters of spin-spin and spin-lattice relaxation times, as well as the water self-diffusion coefficient, are virtually identical in the two types of samples. However, the cartilage-bone plugs have the additional feature of permitting the study of the tidemark region, a region that likely plays a major role in the transmission of mechanical force.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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