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Int J Cancer. 1994 Aug 15;58(4):582-6.

Modulation of M(r) 72,000 and M(r) 92,000 type-IV collagenase (gelatinase A and B) gene expression by interferons alpha and gamma in human melanoma.

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Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Finland.


The purpose of this study was to determine how interferons alpha and gamma influence the expression of M(r) 72,000 type-IV collagenase (gelatinase A) and M(r) 92,000 type-VI collagenase (gelatinase B) genes and whether there are differences in their gene expression. Special emphasis was focused on the treatment time. Total cellular RNA from A2058 human melanoma cells treated for various time periods with IFN-alpha or gamma was analyzed by Northern- and slot-blot hybridization. Both M(r) 72,000 and M(r) 92,000 type-IV collagenase mRNAs were detectable in A2058 cells and mRNA levels for both gelatinases were significantly up-regulated in the cells treated for a short time period with either IFN-alpha or gamma. In contrast, a long-term treatment (7 days) with these drugs markedly down-regulated the genes for both gelatinase A and B. Zymographic analysis showed that human melanoma primarily secretes the gelatinase-A activity, which showed changes similar to those seen in the corresponding mRNA after the treatments with interferons. The expression of gelatinase-B activity was, however, detectable only transiently during the stimulating phase with IFN-alpha. Western immunoblot analysis showed that alterations in the levels of immunoreactive protein of gelatinase A in the cells correlated with the mRNA levels after the treatments. These findings suggest that IFN-alpha and IFN-gamma are potent regulators of both M(r) 72,000 and M(r) 92,000 type-IV collagenase/gelatinase A and B genes in human melanoma showing biphasic and parallel effects on mRNA levels of both enzymes, depending on the treatment time, and that the M(r) 72,000 metalloproteinase/gelatinase A is the predominant basement-membrane-degrading type-IV collagenase in human melanoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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