Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nature. 1994 Aug 18;370(6490):555-7.

Processing of tumour necrosis factor-alpha precursor by metalloproteinases.

Author information

1
British Biotech, Cowley, Oxford, UK.

Abstract

Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a potent pro-inflammatory and immunomodulatory cytokine implicated in inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis and the cachexia associated with cancer or human immunodeficiency virus infection. TNF-alpha is initially expressed as a 233-amino-acid membrane-anchored precursor which is proteolytically processed to yield the mature, 157-amino-acid cytokine. The processing enzyme(s) which cleave TNF-alpha are unknown. Here we show that the release of mature TNF-alpha from leukocytes cultured in vitro is specifically prevented by synthetic hydroxamic acid-based metalloproteinase inhibitors, which also prevent the release of TNF-alpha into the circulation of endotoxin challenged rats. A recombinant, truncated TNF-alpha precursor is cleaved to biologically active, mature TNF-alpha by several matrix metalloproteinase enzymes. These results indicate that processing of the TNF-alpha precursor is dependent on at least one matrix metalloproteinase-like enzyme, inhibition of which represents a novel therapeutic mechanism for interfering with TNF-alpha production.

PMID:
8052310
DOI:
10.1038/370555a0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center