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J Dent Res. 1994 Jun;73(6):1205-11.

Tensile properties of mineralized and demineralized human and bovine dentin.

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  • 1Department of Operative Dentistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan.


The relative contribution of the matrix of dentin to the physical properties of dentin is unknown but thought to be small. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the demineralized matrix of dentin contributes little to the strength of dentin by measuring and comparing the ultimate tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of mineralized and demineralized dentin. Small slabs (4 x 0.5 x 0.5 mm) of bovine and human dentin were tested in a microtensile testing device in vitro. Human coronal mineralized dentin gave a mean ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 104 MPa. Bovine incisor coronal dentin exhibited a UTS of 91 MPa, and bovine root dentin failed at 129 MPa. The modulus of elasticity of mineralized bovine and human dentin varied from 13 to 15 MPa. When dentin specimens were demineralized in EDTA, the UTS and modulus of elasticity fell to 26-32 MPa and 0.25 GPa, respectively, depending on dentin species. The results indicate that collagen contributes about 30% of the UTS of mineralized dentin, which is higher than was expected.

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