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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Aug;79(2):415-20.

Adult height in girls with idiopathic true precocious puberty.

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1
Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Hopital et Faculté Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.

Abstract

GnRH analogs are used to suppress pituitary-gonadal activity in children with true precocious puberty. The indications for therapy in this situation are not established, as some girls have a slow evolutive form, and the capacity of GnRH analogs to preserve the adult height has not been evaluated. This study analyzes the growth and adult heights of 2 groups of girls with idiopathic true precocious puberty, 1 with a predicted height of 155 cm or less (group 1, 19 cases) and the other with a predicted height of more than 155 cm (group 2, 15 cases). Group 1 patients were treated with a long-acting GnRH analog (D-Trp6-GnRH), and group 2 patients were followed without therapy. Group 1 showed greater clinical signs of estrogenization, vaginal maturation index (P < 0.03), plasma estradiol (P < 0.0004), and ratio of LH/FSH peaks (P < 0.01) at the initial evaluation than did group 2. The mean target heights were similar (difference, 0.9 cm). In group 1, the adult height (159 +/- 1.1 cm) was greater than the predicted height before therapy (152 +/- 1.4 cm; P < 0.0001). The difference between the adult height and the predicted height before therapy (mean, 6.5 cm) correlated positively with the bone age advance (P < 0.01), negatively with the predicted height (P < 0.05), and positively with the difference between the target and predicted heights (P < 0.001) before therapy. In group 2, the adult height (162 +/- 1.4 cm) was similar to the predicted height at the initial evaluation (162.5 +/- 1.4 cm). Adult heights correlated with target height in group 1 and with predicted height at the initial evaluation in group 2. In conclusion, some girls with true precocious puberty and poor adult height prediction who are treated with GnRH analog achieve an adult height more comparable to their target height. However, the lack of effect on height in girls with predicted height at the onset of therapy similar to their target height and preservation of the growth potential in the slow evolutive forms suggest that these forms might not require immediate therapy. Careful follow-up before therapy may be a better way of evaluating their natural course.

PMID:
8045957
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.79.2.8045957
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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