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Biomed Chromatogr. 1994 Mar-Apr;8(2):90-4.

Human hemofiltrate as a source of circulating bioactive peptides: determination of amino acids, peptides and proteins.

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Niedersächsisches Institut für Peptid-Forschung GmbH, Hannover, Germany.


Human hemofiltrate (HF) was evaluated regarding its content of free amino acids, proteins, and regulatory peptides. Human HF was obtained from patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). In contrast to plasma it mainly contains low and middle weight molecules < or = 45 kDa. The content of free amino acids, peptides, and proteins in pooled filtrate was determined by amino acid analysis using ortho-phthaldialdehyde/fluorenyl methyl chloroformate (OPA/FMOC) precolumn derivatization. The total amount of peptides and proteins in human HF is 49.4 mg/L (n = 8). The levels of all free amino acids (230 mg/L) and the concentration of some regulatory peptides like insulin, endothelin, gastrin, vasopressin and angiotensin II were similar compared with blood plasma. The amount of peptides and proteins detected in the filtrate was around 0.07% of total plasma proteins, and consisted mainly of smaller proteins and peptides as shown by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The presence of large proteins in plasma is reduced by a factor of 1500 after filtration. We conclude that human hemofiltrate is a valuable source for the large-scale extraction of regulatory peptides.

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