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Vet Microbiol. 1994 Apr;39(3-4):219-30.

Lipopolysaccharides of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (serotype 1): a readily obtainable antigen for ELISA serodiagnosis of pig pleuropneumonia.

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Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Montreal University, Que., Canada.


A saline extract of boiled-formalinized whole cells of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 reference strain (Shope 4074) has been previously used as the antigen in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for serodiagnosis of swine pleuropneumonia. Phenol extraction of this crude extract permitted the recovery of LPS with long O-chains in the aqueous phase. This antigen was shown to be specific for serotypes 1, 9 and 11 as they all possess structurally similar O-chains. Immunoblotting was used to identify the fraction present in the crude extract of strain 4074 responsible for cross-reactions observed in ELISA with a serum raised against a serotype 3 strain of A. pleuropneumoniae. The specific reactions in ELISA were shown to be associated with long O-chain LPS and the cross-reactions to LPS with short O-chains. LPS seem to be an important antigen for A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 as all homologous sera tested reacted with it. This antigen is easily recovered from the crude extract and it can be used in minute amounts (1-6 micrograms) for ELISA serodiagnosis of pig pleuropneumonia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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