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Neurosci Lett. 1994 Mar 28;170(1):145-8.

Nuclear factor-kappa B in rat brain: enhanced DNA-binding activity following convulsant-induced seizures.

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Division of Neurosurgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, NY 14642.


The DNA-binding protein nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) is a pleiotropic transcription factor which regulates the transcription of specific target genes such as cytokines. The existence of NF-kappa B has not been reported in brain tissue. This is the first report demonstrating the expression of NF-kappa B in the rat brain. After pentylene tetrazole (s.c.)-induced clonic-tonic seizures at an LD50 dose of 85 mg/kg, we have shown a gradual increase in NF-kappa B expression reaching a maximum at 24 h, a decrease at 48 h and again increased at 96 and 120 h. A similar time-dependent pattern was observed for the NF-kappa B subunit p50 expression. The NF-kappa B subunit p65 was not expressed at all. These data suggest a possible underlying mechanism of signal transduction and transcriptional regulation of late-response genes after perturbations in the CNS milieu.

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