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Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1994;46(2):167-71.

The effect of renal function on the pharmacokinetics of ranitidine.

Author information

1
Glaxo Research and Development Ltd., Stockley Park West, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK.

Abstract

This open study evaluated the influence of renal function on the pharmacokinetics of ranitidine (50 mg i.v. infusion given over 6 min). Five groups, each of 8 subjects, 1 with normal renal function and 4 with different degrees of renal impairment were studied. Renal function was assessed in each patient by 51Cr-EDTA (glomerular filtration rate, GFR), creatinine clearance (GFR) and N-methylnicotinamide clearance (reflecting glomerular and tubular function). Sixteen blood samples (5 ml) taken up to 48 h post dose from each subject were analysed for plasma ranitidine concentrations by reversed phase HPLC. Patient groups with renal impairment had significantly increased AUC infinity and t1/2 with corresponding decreases in CLp and lambda z when compared with normal subjects. There was also a significant increase in tmax but not in Cmax. There was a high linear correlation between the degree of renal impairment and ranitidine clearance. In patients with GFR < or = 20 ml min-1, the AUC infinity mean ratio (compared with normal subjects) was up to 4.6 while for patients with GFR 20-50 ml min-1, the average AUC infinity ratio was 2.6. It is recommended that the dose of ranitidine is halved in patients with GFR < or = 20 ml min-1.

PMID:
8039538
DOI:
10.1007/bf00199883
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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