Send to

Choose Destination
Oncogene. 1994 Aug;9(8):2425-9.

Activated mutant of G alpha 13 induces Egr-1, c-fos, and transformation in NIH 3T3 cells.

Author information

Fels Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Biology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140.


Expression of the constitutively activated mutant alpha-subunit of the heterotrimeric G protein G alpha 13 (alpha 13Q226L) leads to the transformation of NIH-3T3 cells. An analysis of the mitogenic pathway mediated by alpha 13Q226L indicated that the expression of the primary response genes, early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1, a nuclear transcription factor with zinc-finger motif) and c-fos (a leucine zipper transcription factor as well as a protooncogene) are constitutively activated in alpha 13Q226L-transformants. While ras-transformed cells did not express Egr-1, cells transformed by the GTPase deficient mutant alpha-subunit of G alpha 12 (alpha 12Q229L) exhibited a "weak" expression, suggesting that the induction of Egr-1 and c-fos is intrinsic to G alpha 13 signaling pathway and not a consequence of the transformed phenotype. Taken together, these results provide the first evidence that the G alpha 13 signaling pathway involves the activation of specific transcription factors and defines the expression of these nuclear transcription factors as a possible molecular mechanism in alpha 13Q226L-mediated cell proliferation and transformation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center