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Ophthalmology. 1994 Jul;101(7):1227-35.

Mean of the ten largest nucleoli, microcirculation architecture, and prognosis of ciliochoroidal melanomas.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cytomorphometric measurements and the architecture of the microcirculation in tissue sections of eyes removed for ciliary body or choroidal melanomas have been identified independently as prognostically significant factors for survival. The relative significance of these two histologic features is addressed in this study.

METHODS:

The same 234 cases used to assess the prognostic significance of the microcirculatory patterns of choroidal and ciliary body melanomas were examined by two independent observers who measured the largest diameter of melanoma cell nucleoli from digitized images at a high magnification (x 3000) using the laser scanning confocal microscope. The mean of the ten largest nucleoli was calculated for each tumor according to previously published methods. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility was assessed for these measurements. Several Cox multiple regression models were constructed which included this cytomorphometric variable with and without the inclusion of the microcirculatory patterns.

RESULTS:

There is a high degree of intraobserver reproducibility but only a weak degree of interobserver reproducibility in measuring the mean of the ten largest nucleoli. Using multiple Cox regression models, the mean of the ten largest nucleoli from each observer failed to exert any effect on outcome after enucleation, regardless of whether the presence of networks of closed vascular loops was considered in the statistical formulation. The presence of networks of closed vascular loops was found to be the most statistically dominant histologic prognostic characteristic.

CONCLUSION:

The authors have not been able to confirm the use of the mean of the ten largest nucleoli as a significant prognostic factor in the outcome of patients whose eyes have been removed for ciliary body or choroidal melanomas. Further investigation of this cytomorphometric technique by other laboratories is warranted.

PMID:
8035986
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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