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J Pediatr Surg. 1994 May;29(5):588-9.

Intussusception: a repeat delayed gas enema increases the nonoperative reduction rate.

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Department of Radiology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


The operative rate in intussusception has been significantly reduced by (1) expansion of the indications for attempted enema reduction of intussusception to include all children except those with peritonitis or septicaemia and (2) use of the gas (oxygen) enema rather than barium. This prospective study looked at the value of performing a delayed repeat gas enema in children in whom only partial reduction was achieved during the first enema, and who remained clinically stable. Twenty-one patients (of 156 with proven intussusception) had a repeat delayed gas enema, 30 minutes or more after the first attempt at reduction. This was successful in over 50%, reducing the number of patients requiring surgery at our institution by 24% and saving approximately five children a year from surgery.

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