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J Infect Dis. 1994 Aug;170(2):461-4.

Serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance patterns of invasive isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae: Alaska 1986-1990.

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Arctic Investigations Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Anchorage, AK 99501.


From January 1986 through December 1990, 672 cases of invasive pneumococcal disease were identified. From these, 574 pneumococcal isolates were recovered from normally sterile sites (blood, cerebrospinal and pleural fluid); 92% were serotypes represented in the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. The most common serotypes from children < 2 years old were 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, recovered from 83% of Alaska Native and 75.1% of nonnative children with invasive disease. Moderate penicillin resistance (MIC, 0.1-1.0 micrograms/mL) was found in 3.8% of isolates. All were sensitive to chloramphenicol, vancomycin, rifampin, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, cephalothin, and cefaclor. However, in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta region, 16.9% of isolates were moderately resistant to penicillin, and 10.8% were resistant to erythromycin and 6.2% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole; the number resistant to two or more antibiotics increased significantly during surveillance. All multiply resistant isolates were serotype 6B, and all were from Alaska Native patients < 2 years old.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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