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J Biol Chem. 1994 Jul 29;269(30):19633-8.

Erythropoietin induces tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of phospholipase C-gamma 1 in a human erythropoietin-dependent cell line.

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Division of Hematology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi-ken, Japan.


Erythropoietin (Epo) is the major regulator of the proliferation and differentiation of erythroid precursors through interaction with its receptor (Epo-R). Although Epo-R lacks a tyrosine kinase consensus sequence within its intracellular domain, the addition of its ligand to Epo-responsive cells, UT-7/Epo, induces the rapid and transient tyrosine phosphorylation of 145-, 130-, 80-, and 40-kDa cellular proteins. Tyrosine phosphorylation of these proteins occurred dose- and time-dependently. We showed that the tyrosine phosphorylated 145- kDa protein is identical to phospholipase C-gamma 1 (PLC-gamma 1). Tyrosine phosphorylation of this protein is detectable within 30 s and almost reaches the maximum at 1 min. This can last up to 10 min and declines thereafter. Additionally, in Epo-stimulated cells, PLC-gamma 1 become physically associated with 80- and 40-kDa proteins which have been tyrosine-phosphorylated in response to Epo. The activity of PLC-gamma 1 was also investigated using inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins-P3) as an indicator. We found that stimulation of UT-7/Epo cells with Epo induces a significant accumulation of Ins-P3. This effect is dose-dependent and occurs very rapidly. The production of Ins-P3 can explain the Epo-induced mobilization of calcium from intracellular stores in these cells. These results demonstrate that Epo induces tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of PLC-gamma 1 to produce Ins-P3 and then it mobilizes calcium from intracellular stores. This signal transduction pathway may play a role in regulating the proliferation of erythroid cells.

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