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Cell. 1994 Jul 15;78(1):161-72.

Negative regulation of the growth-promoting transcription factor E2F-1 by a stably bound cyclin A-dependent protein kinase.

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Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


Cyclin A-kinase, an enzyme required for coordinating S phase progression, forms stable in vivo complexes with E2F-1, a growth-promoting transcription factor, which binds to the retinoblastoma gene product and is involved in the timely activation of genes whose products contribute to G1 exit and S phase traversal. Complex formation results in a negative biochemical effect of cyclin A-kinase: the shut-off of E2F-1-dependent DNA binding function in S/G2. Thus, specific and timely cell cycle-dependent interactions of E2F-1 with proteins that inhibit its function (i.e., RB during G1 and cyclin A-kinase during S/G2) may contribute to the periodicity of expression of certain E2F-1-responsive genes at the G1/S transition.

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