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Cancer Lett. 1994 Jul 15;82(1):113-21.

mRNA and protein expression of p53 mutations in human bladder cancer cell lines.

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Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Niigata University, Japan.


We investigated mRNA and protein expression in p53 gene mutations in four human bladder cancer cell lines using polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and Northern blot and Western blot analyses. The following mutations were identified in three of the four cell lines: a missense transversion at codon 110, a missense transition at codon 250 and a non-sense transversion at codon 126. These mutations were located outside previously identified hot spot codons and have rarely been reported in bladder cancer tissues or other neoplasms. Positive intranuclear p53 immunostaining in neoplastic cells in the two missense mutations and the premature stop codon in the non-sense mutation suggested the presence of structural and functional alterations in the p53 protein. Northern and Western blot analyses revealed either an intense or a weak p53 mRNA band together with an intense p53 protein band in the missense mutations, but no p53 mRNA or protein band in the non-sense mutation. A weak p53 mRNA band, but no distinct p53 protein band was observed in the cell line without a mutation and in normal control bladder cells. Our findings suggest that regulation of p53 expression in these cell lines differs at the post-transcriptional and/or post-translational level between the wildtype and the mutant p53 genes and also among different mutant p53 genes. The three cell lines with mutations were derived from high-grade carcinomas; the cell line without mutation was derived from a low-grade carcinoma.

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