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Virchows Arch. 1994;424(5):547-52.

Expression of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (92-kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase) induced by tumour necrosis factor alpha correlates with metastatic ability in a human osteosarcoma cell line.

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Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan.


We have examined the correlation between matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and metastatic properties of a low metastatic osteosarcoma cell line, osteosarcoma takase (OST), under stimulation by tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha). In vivo, OST cells exhibited significantly increased colonization in the lungs of nude mice in a dose-dependent manner when they were treated by TNF alpha prior to injection. In vitro, TNF alpha enhanced tumour cell invasion through the reconstituted basement membrane in a transwell chamber up to 2.5-fold. Gelatin zymography and sandwich enzyme immunoassays demonstrated marked production of MMP-9 [92-kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase (gelatinase B)] but not MMP-2 [72-kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase (gelatinase A)], MMP-3 (stromelysin-1) or MMP-7 (matrilysin). Motility of the tumour cells and adhesion to cultured endothelial cells were slightly increased by the TNF alpha treatment up to 1.6-fold and 1.4-fold, respectively, while the growth rate was decreased. These results suggest that upregulation of MMP-9 together with enhanced motility and endothelial adhesion contribute to the increased metastatic ability of OST cells induced by TNF alpha treatment.

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