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EXS. 1994;71:311-22.

Control of alcohol metabolism.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242.


The rate of alcohol metabolism is determined by the kinetic characteristics and concentrations of the alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases and by the rate of restoration of the redox state of the cell. Several potent competitive and uncompetitive inhibitors of the alcohol dehydrogenases can decrease the rate of alcohol metabolism; they may be useful for preventing the potentially deleterious effects of ethanol metabolism. Alcohol dehydrogenases have very broad specificity and can readily reduce a variety of carbonyl compounds by exchange reactions while ethanol is metabolized. Agents that increase the rate of metabolism need to be developed.

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