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Resuscitation. 1994 Mar;27(2):123-8.

Are laboratory values in bone marrow aspirate predictable for venous blood in paediatric patients?

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1
Department of Anaesthesia, University of Basel/Kinderspital, Switzerland.

Abstract

In an emergency situation, early laboratory results are important, but often difficult to obtain. If venous access cannot be established, the intraosseous route may be used as an alternative. This study investigated the predictive value of bone marrow aspirate in performing laboratory studies. Thirty children underwent general anaesthesia for bone marrow aspiration (iliac crest) for oncologic or haematologic reasons. The aspirate and a peripheral venous blood sample, which was obtained simultaneously, were subjected to different laboratory tests and the results were compared by means of confidence interval analyses of the individual ratios of venous/bone marrow values. Based on these analyses, a high predictability of bone marrow values were found for haemoglobin, sodium, chloride, glucose, bilirubin, urea, creatinine, pH, and standard bicarbonate. Moderate, but clinically useful predictability was found for haematocrit, potassium, and total protein, while bone marrow values of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, PCO2, PO2, thrombocytes and leukocytes were systematically different from values in venous blood. Our data suggest that the intraosseous route is not only an important emergency alternative to intravenous access for administering fluids and drugs but may also serve as a reliable alternative for obtaining initial diagnostic laboratory studies when intravascular access is not obtainable.

PMID:
8029533
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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