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Mol Gen Genet. 1994 Jun 15;243(6):622-30.

Shared control of maltose induction and catabolite repression of the MAL structural genes in Saccharomyces.

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Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.


Maltose utilization in yeast requires the presence of any one of the five unlinked, homologous MAL loci. Transcription of the two structural genes MALT (permease) and MALS (maltase) is induced by maltose and catabolite-repressed by glucose. MAL6T and MAL6S share a common 5' intergenic sequence; deletion studies within this sequence revealed a bi-directionally functioning upstream activation sequence (UASM) consisting of four 11 bp homologous sites. Activation of these sites by the MALR protein results in the coordinate expression of MAL6T and MAL6S. The basal promoter activates MALS expression to a greater extent than MALT and is located in a region that overlaps UASM. Deletion of several subsites within the UASM has an asymmetric effect on MAL gene expression, having a greater affect on MALT than on MALS. Catabolite repression of MAL6T and MAL6S by glucose is controlled at several levels. Using disruption mutants, the positively acting MAL1R protein was also found to play a role in catabolite repression of MAL6T and MAL6S.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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