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Cell. 1975 Nov;6(3):289-98.

Alpha-actinin: immunofluorescent localization of a muscle structural protein in nonmuscle cells.


Antibodies specific for the skeletal muscle structural protein alpha-actinin are used to localize this protein by indirect immunofluorescence in nonmuscle cells. In cultured nonmuscle cells, alpha-actinin is localized along or between actin filament bundles producing an almost regular periodicity. The protein is also detected in the form of fluorescent plaques at some ends of actin filament bundles, as well as in a filamentous form in some overlap areas of cells. In spreading rat embryo cells, alpha-actinin assumes a focal distribution which corresponds to the vertices of a highly regular actin filament network. The results suggest that alpha-actinin may be involved in the organization of actin filament bundles, in the attachment of actin filaments to the plasma membrane, and in the assembly of actin filaments in areas of cell to cell contact.

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