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FEBS Lett. 1994 Jul 4;348(1):41-5.

Calorimetric studies of the energetics of protein-DNA interactions in the E. coli methionine repressor (MetJ) system.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Glasgow University, Scotland, UK.


Calorimetric measurements of binding of a specific DNA fragment and S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) co-repressor molecules to the E. coli methionine repressor (MetJ) show significant differences in the energetics of binary and ternary protein-DNA complexes. Formation of the MetJ:SAM:DNA ternary complex is significantly more exothermic (delta H congruent to -99 kJ.mol-1) than either MetJ:DNA or MetJ:SAM binary complexes alone (delta H congruent to -10 kJ.mol-1 each). The protein is also significantly more stable to unfolding (delta Tm congruent to 5.4 degrees C) when bound to DNA. These observations suggest that binding of SAM to the protein-DNA complex leads to a significant reduction in dynamic flexibility of the ternary complex, with considerable entropy-enthalpy compensation, not necessarily involving any overall conformational change.

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