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Eur J Immunol. 1994 Jul;24(7):1566-71.

Interleukin-1-induced activation of a protein kinase co-precipitating with the type I interleukin-1 receptor in T cells.

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Medical School Hannover, FRG.


We have investigated the possibility of a protein kinase participating in the signal transduction mechanisms of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) type I receptor (IL-1RI). Our data show that a protein kinase was co-precipitated with the IL-1RI from the two murine T helper cell lines D10N and EL-4. The kinase activity was detected in an in vitro kinase assay performed with the immuno beads in the presence of exogenous substrates. IL-1 treatment of the cells resulted in a rapid activation of this protein kinase in a concentration-dependent manner. Both forms of IL-1, IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta, induced this kinase activity, whereas the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) was inactive. In excess IL-1ra competitively antagonized IL-1 stimulation. In the in vitro kinase assay the exogenous substrates myelin basic protein and histone H1 were phosphorylated, whereas casein or heat-shock protein HSP27 were not accepted, reflecting a certain selectivity of this protein kinase. The IL-1RI co-precipitable protein kinase showed a serine/threonine specificity and was inhibited by staurosporine, but not by inhibitors specific for protein tyrosine kinase or protein kinase C. These results show that a serine/threonine protein kinase directly interacts with the IL-1RI at the plasma membrane level of T helper cells forming a novel type of IL-1 inducible signaling complex. This protein kinase may resemble the link coupling the plasma membrane IL-1 receptor to cytosolic downstream elements in the IL-1 signaling pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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