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Endoscopy. 1994 Feb;26(2):243-6.

Photodynamic therapy for villous adenomas of the colon and rectum.

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Gastrointestinal Unit, Walton Hospital, Liverpool, UK.


Endoscopic thermal laser therapy of colorectal villous adenomas is associated with a high recurrence rate due to incomplete tumor ablation, as treatment over carries a risk of perforation. Photodynamic therapy has been shown to be a promising in the treatment of small malignant tumors, and may be useful for benign adenomas. Eight patients with nine colosigmoid villous adenomas measuring 1-5 cm in length were treated with photodynamic therapy using either haematoporphyrin derivative or Photofrin as photosensitizer and multiple (4-16) applications of interstitial photoirradiation with red light (630 nm, 100 mW x 500 s per application). All but one adenoma had previously been incompletely treated with Nd-YAG laser therapy. Some skin sensitivity to light was seen in one patient. Seven adenomas were eradicated (follow-up 9-56 months, median = 12) as judged by follow-up endoscopy and biopsy. No local complications were seen. Substantial necrosis was produced in the other two adenomas, but they were not completely destroyed, probably due to inadequate light. PDT holds promise in the non-surgical management of villous adenomas, particularly after initial tumour debulking with the Nd-YAG laser.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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