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J Chromatogr A. 1994 Apr 29;667(1-2):131-9.

Hydrophobic interaction chromatography for the purification of cytolytic bacterial toxins.

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Department of Immunology, University of Ulm, Germany.


The usefulness of hydrophobic interaction chromatography for the simple purification of cytolytic bacterial toxins was studied. Conditions are described for different hydrophobic interaction chromatographic media for purifying with high yields two different kinds of such haemolysins, the thiol-activated toxin listeriolysin O from Listeria monocytogenes and alpha-toxin from Staphylococcus aureus. For listeriolysin O, purification on butyl-Sepharose was followed by gel filtration chromatography. From butyl-Sepharose the recovery of 22%. Alpha-toxin was obtained by a single purification step from alkyl-Superose with 80% recovery and a specific activity of 29,000 U/mg. On sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis purified listeriolysin O and alpha-toxin showed a single band. Another thiol-activated toxin, streptolysin O from group A streptococci, showed a recovery of 38% from butyl-Sepharose. The results suggest the feasibility of using hydrophobic interaction chromatography, particularly with columns of weak hydrophobicity, for the purification of bacterial haemolysins in high yield.

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