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Biol Reprod. 1994 May;50(5):1072-7.

In vitro development of in vitro-matured porcine oocytes following chemical activation or in vitro fertilization.

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Department of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia 65211.


Porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes were cultured in BSA-free Whitten's medium or modified Medium 199, each supplemented with porcine follicular fluid (PFF) and hormonal supplements (OMWM and OMM199, respectively) for 20 h; they then were cultured without hormonal supplements for an additional 20 (experiments 1 and 3) or 24 h (experiment 2). At the end of culture (experiment 1), the intracellular glutathione concentration was higher (p < 0.05) in oocytes matured in OMWM vs. OMM199. After activation by Ca2+ ionophore (experiment 2), the incidence of activation in the OMWM group was lower (p < 0.01) than in the OMM199 group. However, the incidence of pronuclear formation was higher (p < 0.01) in the OMWM group than in the OMM199 group at 8 h after activation. The percentage of embryos that developed to the morula stage was higher (p < 0.01) in the group matured in OMWM vs. OMM199 after 5 days of culture. After in vitro fertilization (experiment 3), the incidence of male pronuclear formation and the percentage of monospermic oocytes that formed one male and one female pronuclei were higher (p < 0.05) after maturation in OMWM vs. OMM199. The percentage of cleaved embryos that developed to the 8-cell and morula stages was higher (p < 0.05) in the OMWM group as compared to the OMM199 group. These results indicate that culture in modified Whitten's medium as compared with a standard medium (modified Medium 199) improves cytoplasmic maturation of porcine oocytes as evaluated by intracellular glutathione content, pronuclear formation, and development in vitro after artificial activation or fertilization in vitro.

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