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Vision Res. 1994 May;34(10):1235-46.

Subcellular localization of GABAA receptor on bipolar cells in macaque and human retina.

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Department of Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6058.


The subcellular distribution of GABAA receptor in the macaque and human retina was studied by immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibodies for the alpha and beta subunits with a particular focus on bipolar cells. Immunoreactivity to GABAA receptor was present on dendritic tips of all bipolar cells. The stain was strongest on bipolar membranes in apposition to horizontal cell processes. Stain was concentrated on the tips of flat and invaginating cone bipolar cells at the base of the cone pedicle and on the invaginating tips of rod bipolar cells. Stain on the cone pedicle membrane was restricted to sites of apposition to stained bipolar dendrites; pedicle membrane in apposition to horizontal cell processes was unstained. Stain was also present on bipolar axon terminals in both on and off strata of the inner plexiform layer. All bipolar cell somas stained faintly; horizontal and Müller cell somas were unstained. The alpha and beta subunits distributed similarly in monkey and human retina. Presence of GABAA receptor on the bipolar dendritic tips suggests that horizontal cells directly affect bipolar cells. Thus, GABAA receptor might mediate the receptive field surround of both off and on bipolar cells. Presence of GABAA receptor on bipolar axon terminals suggests that much of the inhibition feeding back from GABAergic amacrine to bipolar cells is GABAA-mediated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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