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Minerva Cardioangiol. 1994 Mar;42(3):73-84.

[Arterial hypertension in relation to life style and other cardiovascular risk factors. Epidemiologic study of a population of blood donors. Project AVIS].

[Article in Italian]

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Divisione di Medicina II, Ospedale di Guastalla Reggio Emilia.


The objectives of this research were to determine the prevalence of essential and borderline hypertension in a population of blood donors and their families and to determine if there is a correlation between blood pressure and lifestyle and/or other cardiovascular risk factors. The study was comprised of 1976 individuals, of whom 1290 were men and 686 were women, aged 18-65 years. The prevalence of essential hypertension was 15.1% for males and 12.5% for females: the prevalence of borderline hypertension was 22.3% for males and 15.7% for females. The population was divided into two groups: the first group included only subjects (1170 men, 543 women) who did not regularly use drugs that could modify the blood pressure and the heart rate, the second group included the entire population. In the first group, the multiple regression analysis indicated, in order of importance: age, BMI (body mass index), and heart rate. These variables were important in determining the systolic blood pressure in both sexes, uricemia for males and glycemia for females. The diastolic blood pressure was dependent on BMI, heart rate, and alcohol in both sexes, and glycemia, LDL cholesterol, and uricemia in the men. In the second group, primary and borderline hypertension are significantly correlated with age, BMI, and uricemia in both sexes and glycemia in females. A program of health and nutritional education could modify some factors related to blood pressure, such as obesity and alcohol consumption. The result would be a reduction of the prevalence not only of essential and borderline hypertension, but also of metabolic diseases such as dyslipidaemias, diabetes and hyperuricemia, with a global reduction of the cardiovascular risk.

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