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J Pediatr. 1994 Jul;125(1):1-5.

Human herpesvirus 7: another causal agent for roseola (exanthem subitum).

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of two infants with typical exanthem subitum. The HindIII-, BamHI-, and EcoRI-digested DNA patterns of the isolated viruses were very similar to that of the prototype HHV-7 (RK strain), but different from that of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). During the convalescent period of the first patient, the titer of antibody to HHV-7 rose from < 1:10 to 1:320 by an immunofluorescence antibody test, whereas the titer of antibody to HHV-6 remained < 1:10. In the second patient, who had two independent episodes of exanthem subitum during 2 months, both HHV-6 and HHV-7 were sequentially isolated; seroconversion to HHV-6 occurred during the first episode and to HHV-7 during the second episode. In addition, sera from another 15 children who had episodes of exanthem subitum were serologically tested for antibodies to HHV-6 and HHV-7 by immunofluorescence antibody test. Five of seven patients had seroconversion to HHV-7 just after having typical signs and symptoms of exanthem subitum. These results suggest that HHV-7 is one of the causative agents of exanthem subitum.

PMID:
8021757
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-3476(94)70113-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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