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J Cell Physiol. 1994 Jul;160(1):75-88.

Differential expression of thrombospondin, collagen, and thyroglobulin by thyroid-stimulating hormone and tumor-promoting phorbol ester in cultured porcine thyroid cells.

Author information

1
Laboratoires de Biochimie, Université Reims Champagne-Ardennes, U.F.R. de Médecine, France.

Abstract

In the present study, we have investigated the potential regulation of thyroglobulin (Tg) and extracellular matrix components synthesis by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on thyroid cells. Porcine thyroid cells isolated by trypsin-EGTA digestion of thyroid glands were maintained in serum containing medium on poly (L-lysine)-coated dishes. Cells differentiated into follicular or vesicular-like structures were distinguished by their ability to organify Na[125I] and to respond to TSH stimulation. After an incubation of the cells with radiolabeled proline or methionine, two major proteins were identified, p450-480 and p290 (so named because of their molecular masses). Tg (p290) synthesis was demonstrated by the synthesis of [131I]-labeled polypeptides with electrophoretic properties identical to those of authentic Tg molecules. P450-480 resolved to M(r) 190,000 under reducing sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) conditions. It was identified as thrombospondin by its reactivity with a monoclonal anti-human thrombospondin and by peptide sequencing of some of its tryptic fragments that displayed identity to thrombospondin I. Collagen synthesis was demonstrated by the formation of radioactive hydroxyproline and by the synthesis of pepsin-resistant polypeptides ranging from M(rs) 120,000 to 200,000. When the cells were cultured in the presence of 100 nM TPA, the culture medium contents of thrombospondin and collagen were increased by 2.7 and 1.6-fold, respectively, whereas Tg content was decreased by a factor 3.9. In contrast, the acute treatment of control cells with TPA induced a decrease in both Tg and collagen content by factors 3.0 and 1.5, respectively, and an increase in thrombospondin content by a factor 2.5. In the presence of 100 nM TPA, TSH (1 mU/ml) did not counteract the stimulating effect of TPA on extracellular matrix components synthesis. In contrast, when cells were cultured in the presence of TSH alone at concentrations higher than 0.1 mU/ml, collagen and thrombospondin in the medium were decreased by a factor 2.0 and 1.9, respectively, and TSH preferentially activated Tg synthesis. However, no acute response to TSH was observed in cells incubated for 2 days without effectors (control cells). On TSH differentiated cells, TPA decreased both collagen and Tg accumulation by factors 1.2 and 1.8, respectively, whereas it increased the one of thrombospondin by a factor 2. These results, together with the stimulating effect of TPA on TSH mediated cell proliferation, argue for a role of thrombospondin in cell adhesion and migration events within the thyroid epithelium.

PMID:
8021301
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.1041600110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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