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Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1994 Jun;101(6):488-92.

Haemostatic, fibrinolytic and endothelial variables in normal pregnancies and pre-eclampsia.

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  • 1Rotunda Hospital, Dublin.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the behaviour of the coagulation variables antithrombin III (ATIII), protein C, thrombin/antithrombin III (TATIII); fibrinolytic activity, tissue plasminogen activator antigen (t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitors (PAI) 1 and 2, and endothelial involvement by fibronectin assay in normal and pre-eclamptic pregnancies.

DESIGN:

Longitudinal and cross-sectional observational study.

SETTING:

Antenatal clinic and maternity hospital.

SUBJECTS:

Thirty-six primigravid normotensive caucasian patients, four of whom subsequently developed pre-eclampsia, and 12 patients with established pre-eclampsia.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Plasma levels of PAI-1, PAI-2 and t-PA antigen were determined using an ELISA technique as were TATIII complex levels of fibronectin. ATIII and protein C plasma levels were assayed using chromogenic substrate techniques.

RESULTS:

PAI-1 and PAI-2 antigen levels rose progressively throughout normal pregnancy. Among the established pre-eclamptic group compared with matched normal pregnancies, the PAI-2 antigen level was significantly lower (48.5 +/- 22.8 versus 183.5 +/- 37.4; P < 0.001), the PAI-1 antigen level was significantly higher (122 +/- 34.4 versus 79.2 +/- 19.7; P < 0.001), ATIII activity was significantly lower (87.8 +/- 27.1 versus 110.9 +/- 19.3; P < 0.001) and TATIII complex levels were significantly higher (16.9 +/- 6.4 versus 10.2 +/- 5.9; P < 0.001). Among the four initially normotensive patients who subsequently developed pre-eclampsia, fibronectin levels were significantly elevated from as early as nine weeks of gestation.

CONCLUSION:

Significantly elevated levels of PAI-1 and fibronectin occurring early in pregnancies that subsequently develop pre-eclampsia suggest that these variables may have predictive values. PAI-2 would seem to be a marker of placental function in pre-eclampsia while increased t-PA and TATIII complex levels reflect the severity of the condition.

PMID:
8018635
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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