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Yeast. 1994 Mar;10(3):391-8.

Genes of the linear mitochondrial DNA of Williopsis mrakii: coding sequences for a maturase-like protein, a ribosomal protein VAR1 homologue, cytochrome oxidase subunit 2 and methionyl tRNA.

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  • 1Institut Curie, Centre Universitaire Paris XI, Orsay, France.


The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in some yeasts has a linear structure with inverted terminal repeats closed by a single-stranded loop. These mtDNAs have generally a constant gene order, beginning with a small ribosomal RNA gene at the right end and terminating with a cytochrome oxidase subunit 2 gene (COX2) at the left end, independently of the wide variation in genome size. In the mtDNAs from several species of the genus Williopsis, we found an additional open reading frame, ORF1, which was homologous to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae RF1 gene encoding a group I intron maturase-like protein. ORF1 genes from W. mrakii and W. suaveolens were mapped and sequenced. Next to ORF1, COX2 and methionyl tRNA genes were present on the opposite strand. The same relative positions of genes in the mtDNAs so far examined suggests that the constancy of gene order is generally conserved also at the level of individual tRNA genes. We identified another open reading frame, ORF2, in W. mrakii mtDNA. It was mapped next to the cytochrome oxidase subunit 3 gene. Rich in adenine-thymine bases, ORF2 appears to be a homologue of the VAR1 gene which codes for a small ribosomal subunit protein in S. cerevisiae mitochondria. Nucleotide sequences data have been deposited in the EmBL data library under the following Accession Numbers: X66594 (Apocytochrome b and ORF2 genes of W. mrakii), X66595 (ORF1, tRNA-Met and COX2 genes of W. mrakii), X73415 (tRNA-Met and COX2 genes of W. suaveolens), X73416 (ORF1 gene of W. suaveolens) and X73414 (tRNA-Met and COX2 genes of P. jadinii).

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