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Scand J Dent Res. 1994 Apr;102(2):113-9.

Isolation frequency and serotype distribution of mutans streptococci and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and clinical periodontal status in Finnish and Vietnamese children.

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1
Department of Pedodontics and Orthodontics, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

The isolation frequency and serotype distribution of mutans streptococci and A. actinomycetemcomitans (A.a.) were investigated in a group of Finnish (n = 16) and Vietnamese (n = 16) children, matched by sex, age, and caries status. In the Vietnamese children, the isolation frequencies were higher than in the Finnish children: 100%/62% for mutans streptococci and 78%/13% for A.a. Isolates (n = 3-8) from plaque and saliva were serotyped by immunodiffusion technique using serotype-specific antisera against serotypes c, e, f, d, and g for mutans streptococci and a, b, c, d, and e for A.a. The distribution of mutans streptococci serotypes in Finnish/Vietnamese children was: c 100%/50%; e 10%/31%; d 0%/56%; g 20%/38%. The frequency of plural serotypes was 30%/75%, respectively. In the Vietnamese group the serotype distribution of A.a. was: a 36%, b 27%, and c 63%; 45% of children carried two serotypes. One Finnish child harbored serotype a and one serotype b. The mean percentage of bleeding gingival sites was 7.4 in the Finnish and 15.1 in the Vietnamese group. Calculus and clinically deepened gingival pockets were more frequent findings in the Vietnamese children. The results indicate considerable differences in bacteriologic status and in clinical periodontal status between these Finnish and Vietnamese children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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