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Eur J Clin Invest. 1994 Feb;24 Suppl 1:9-15.

The megakaryocyte platelet system and vascular disease.

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1
Department of Medicine, King's College School of Medicine and Dentistry, Denmark Hill, London, UK.

Abstract

Platelets form a heterogeneous population of cells produced from the uniquely large polyploid cell found in the bone marrow, the megakaryocyte. The platelet megakaryocyte axis forms a dynamic equilibrium varying in normal biology and in disease. Prolonged platelet destruction leads to the production of large platelets from large, high ploidy megakaryocytes. In vivo and ex vivo studies show that such platelets have more haemostatic potential than smaller less dense platelets. The evidence suggesting that prothrombotic changes in the megakaryocyte platelet axis precede coronary artery thrombosis and the importance of platelet reactivity in atherosclerosis will be reviewed.

PMID:
8013533
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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