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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1994 Feb;13(2):152-61.

Fusarium infections in immunocompromised patients: case reports and literature review.

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Département de Parasitologie et de Mycologie, Université Claude-Bernard Lyon I, France.


Five cases are reported of Fusarium infection in patients with aplasia following chemotherapy of leukemia. The clinical signs, diagnosis and course of the infection during treatment are outlined and discussed in conjunction with the characteristics of other cases already reported in the literature. Sixty-three cases of Fusarium infection have been reported in immunocompromised patients, 44 cases since 1985. These included patients with hematological malignancies (58 cases), especially acute leukemia (43 cases). The main sites of infection were the skin (46 cases), blood (28 cases) and lungs (13 cases). The infection was mostly diagnosed by means of skin biopsy but also by means of positive blood cultures. Forty-three strains were identified, 19 of which were Fusarium solani. Amphotericin B treatment was given in 55 cases, often combined with other antifungal agents, leukocyte transfusions or granulocyte-macrophage-colony stimulating factor. The outcome was fatal in 36 of the 63 cases reported, often due to resistance of the strain to antifungal agents, particularly amphotericin B (20 of 33 strains tested). The most important risk factor seems to be profound and prolonged aplasia. Deep mycoses due to Fusarium species thus pose an important problem and are occurring in increasing numbers in immunocompromised patients. Treatment of these infections is difficult and the prognosis is poor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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