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Br J Pharmacol. 1994 Jan;111(1):185-90.

A comparison of A2 adenosine receptor-induced cyclic AMP generation in cerebral cortex and relaxation of pre-contracted aorta.

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1
Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre.

Abstract

1. A comparative study was carried out between the adenosine receptor mediating a stimulation of cyclic AMP formation in guinea-pig cerebral cortical slices with the adenosine receptor mediating relaxation of phenylephrine precontracted guinea-pig aortic rings. 2. [3H]-cyclic AMP accumulation in [3H]-adenine-prelabelled guinea-pig cerebral cortical slices was stimulated by adenosine and its analogues with the following EC50 values (microM): 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (3.1 +/- 0.3) > 2-chloroadenosine (10 +/- 2) > adenosine (109 +/- 15). 3. 2-Chloroadenosine and adenosine elicited maximal responses for [3H]-cyclic AMP accumulation that were 100 +/- 7 and 71 +/- 6% of the maximal response to 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine, respectively. CGS 21680 (100 microM) and DPMA (100 microM) elicited -2 +/- 2 and 12 +/- 3% of the response to 100 microM 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine. 4. Estimation of antagonist potencies at the A2 adenosine receptor of cerebral cortex showed a rank order of potency (K1, nM): xanthine amino congener (35 +/- 3) > 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (130 +/- 22) > PD 115,199 (407 +/- 82) > 3,7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (13 +/- 2 microM). 5. Adenosine analogues produced long-lasting relaxation of phenylephrine-precontracted aortic rings with the following rank order of potency (EC50 values, microM): 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (0.68 +/- 0.06) > 2-chloroadenosine (4.3 +/- 0.6) > adenosine (104 +/- 13). Maximal relaxations elicited by these agents were 71 +/- 3, 98 +/- 1, and 100 +/- 1%, respectively. CGS 21680 and DPMA at 100 microM elicited smaller relaxations of the precontracted tissues (12 +/- 2 and 43 +/- 15%, respectively). 6. Antagonism by xanthine derivatives of the 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine-induced relaxation of aortic rings showed the following rank order of potency (Ki, nM): xanthine amino congener (17 +/- 4) > 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (171 +/- 36) > PD 115,199 (341 +/- 64) > 3,7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (5520 +/- 820). 7. We conclude that the A2 adenosine receptor mediating relaxation of phenylephrine-contracted aortic rings is an A2b adenosine receptor which exhibits certain minor differences from the A2b receptor which stimulates cyclic AMP accumulation in cerebral cortical slices.

PMID:
8012695
PMCID:
PMC1910056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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