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Ann Ital Chir. 1993 Sep-Oct;64(5):533-7.

[Rationale for the use of bile salts after cholecystectomy: results of a controlled clinical study using tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA)].

[Article in Italian]

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Ospedale Fatebenefratelli di Milano.


Cholecystectomy causes alterations in bile composition. In particular it rises the proportion of highly detergent bile acids with the possible consequence of the manifestation of dyspepsia in a high percentage of patients: this is the well-known post-cholecystectomy syndrome. In this clinical trial we studied the activity and safety of tauroursodeoxycholic acid--TUDCA--(500 mg/die) in the prevention of dyspepsia in cholecystectomized patients, in comparison with no treated group. We enrolled 203 patients (101 TUDCA--group A--and 102 control-group B). The two groups were comparable for age (47.1 years in group A and 50.7 years in group B), sex (m/f: 28/73 and 37/65 in the two groups) and for other characteristics connected to surgical procedures. After operation all patients suffered from dyspepsia symptoms. In patients treated with TUDCA we registered a prompt regression in severity of symptoms when compared with no treated group: in fact we noted a significant difference only at the first control planned after one month from operation. No difference were registered at the other controls (two and three months after operation). Two patients in A and 3 in group B manifested adverse events. In conclusion, the treatment with TUDCA, a new hydrophilic bile acid, seems to contribute to the improvement of clinical course in cholecystectomized patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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