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J Med Microbiol. 1994 Jun;40(6):424-7.

A comparison of immunomagnetic separation and direct culture for the isolation of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 from bovine faeces.

Author information

1
Public Health Labortory, Sheffield.

Abstract

Enrichment culture (EC) in modified buffered peptone water followed by immunomagnetic separation (IMS) with magnetic beads coated with an antibody against Escherichia coli O157 (Dynabeads anti-E. coli O157; Dynal, Oslo) was compared with direct culture on cefixime rhamnose sorbitol MacConkey agar (CR-SMAC) and cefixime tellurite sorbitol MacConkey agar (CT-SMAC) for the isolation of E. coli O157 from bovine faeces. When used to examine bovine faecal suspensions inoculated with 12 different strains of E. coli O157, EC-IMS was c. 100-fold more sensitive for detection of the organism than direct culture on either medium. During monitoring of a dairy herd, E. coli O157 was isolated from 84 (8.2%) of 1024 rectal swabs taken from cattle over a 4-month period; 23 (27.4% of the 84 strains were isolated by both direct culture and IMS (15 of the 23 were isolated on both media, five on CT-SMAC only and three on CR-SMAC only), whereas 61 (72.6%) strains were isolated by IMS only. IMS is a sensitive and simple technique for the isolation of E. coli O157 from bovine faecal samples and should prove useful in elucidating further the epidemiology of this organism.

PMID:
8006935
DOI:
10.1099/00222615-40-6-424
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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