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J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994 Mar-Apr;17(3):141-8.

Muscle testing response to provocative vertebral challenge and spinal manipulation: a randomized controlled trial of construct validity.

Author information

1
Research Department, Western States Chiropractic College, Portlan, OR 97230-3099.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the relationship of muscle strength response to a provocative vertebral challenge and to spinal manipulation.

DESIGN:

Prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial: crossover and between subjects designs.

SETTING:

Laboratory: Center for Technique Research.

PARTICIPANTS:

Sixty-eight naive volunteers from the student body, staff and faculty of the college.

INTERVENTIONS:

Provocative vertebral challenge: standardized 4-5 kg force applied with a pressure algometer to the lateral aspects of the T3-12 spinous processes.

INTERVENTION:

manual high velocity low amplitude adjustment or switched-off activator sham.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Piriformis muscle response was defined in two ways: reactivity (a decrease in muscle resistance, yes or nor, following a vertebral challenge); responsiveness (the cessation of reactivity following spinal manipulation). Relative response attributable to the maneuver (RRAM): the percent of an outcome attributable to the challenge or adjustment itself.

RESULTS:

Average RRAM = 16% reactivity to vertebral challenge; average RRAM = 0% responsiveness to spinal manipulation. Six to 10% of muscle tests were positive regardless of examiner, previous finding or intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

For the population under investigation, muscle response appeared to be a random phenomenon unrelated to manipulable subluxation. In and of itself, muscle testing appears to be of questionable use for spinal screening and post-adjustive evaluation. Further research is indicated in more symptomatic populations, different regions of the spine, and using different indicator muscles.

PMID:
8006528
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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