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J Invest Dermatol. 1994 Jun;102(6):923-7.

Ultraviolet radiation--induced impairment of the early initiating and the late effector phases of contact hypersensitivity to picrylchloride: regulation by different mechanisms.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Two types of antigen-specific T cells are needed for the elicitation of contact hypersensitivity reactions. They act in an obligate sequence to mediate the early initiating and late effector phases of contact hypersensitivity, which are accompanied by skin-swelling responses at 2 and 24 h after challenge, respectively. The magnitude of the late ear swelling depends on that of the early swelling. We studied the influence of ultraviolet radiation on both phases of contact hypersensitivity to picrylchloride. Mice were exposed to subedemal doses of ultraviolet radiation on the shaved backs for four consecutive days. Four days later mice were sensitized on non-irradiated skin. Four days after sensitization mice were challenged on the ears, and swelling was measured 2, 4, and 24 h after challenge. The early and late phases of contact hypersensitivity were largely suppressed in ultraviolet-irradiated, actively sensitized mice. Transfer of immune lymphoid cells from donor mice that were sensitized 4 d earlier induced early and late components of contact hypersensitivity in naive recipients after challenge. Transfer of immune lymphoid cells from donors that were sensitized 1 d earlier only induced the early component of contact hypersensitivity. Ultraviolet irradiation of donor mice significantly reduced the capacity of the immune lymphoid cells to induce contact hypersensitivity. We show that lymphoid cells responsible for the early and late components of contact hypersensitivity are both affected.

PMID:
8006455
DOI:
10.1111/1523-1747.ep12384051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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