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Brain Inj. 1994 Apr;8(3):231-8.

Day of injury CT scan as an index to pre-injury brain morphology.

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Department of Psychology, BYU, Provo, Utah 84602.


This study compared the ventricle-to-brain ratio (VBR) of the day-of-injury (DOI) computerized tomogram (CT) in traumatic brain-injured (TBI) patients with post-injury (2 months or greater) magnetic resonance (MR) VBRs in the same patients and in medical control subjects. The DOI VBR did not differ significantly from the medical controls, but both (DOI and medical control VBR) differed significantly from post-injury VBR. Additionally, a case study is presented wherein MR imaging studies were obtained prior to TBI so that a direct comparison of pre-injury to DOI to post-injury changes could be made. In this case the pre-injury and DOI VBRs were within approximately 9% of each other. In contrast, the post-injury VBR demonstrated over a 100% increase in comparison to either the pre-injury or DOI scan. This case and another case are illustrated using three-dimensional image analysis to represent ventricular change over time. These cases, along with the similarity of the DOI VBR with the medical controls, suggests that the DOI VBR can be utilized as an estimate or index of pre-injury ventricle/brain morphology. This will permit the use of DOI CT data for within-subject designs in TBI research that examines the course of degenerative changes over time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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