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Arthroscopy. 1994 Apr;10(2):132-9.

Anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament: a blueprint for repair and reconstruction.

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Laboratory for Comparative Orthopaedic Research, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824.


The anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint is a complex structure whose orientation, construct, and biology are directly related to its function as a constraint of knee joint motion. While the complexity of its design allows the ligament to function through the normal range of motion as a static stabilizer of the knee, it also makes the exact duplication of this structure very difficult. A fundamental knowledge of the functional anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament provides the orthopaedic surgeon with an essential blueprint on which to base techniques of repair and reconstruction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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