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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Jun 15;201(2):950-6.

Stimulation of transcription factors NF kappa B and AP1 in endothelial cells subjected to shear stress.

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Department of Pathology, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, IL 60637.


Hemodynamic shear stress forces influence several important endothelial genes associated with arterial relaxation, pro/anti-coagulation, and growth control; however, the regulatory pathways remain unclear. Here we demonstrate stimulation of DNA binding activities of nuclear factor kappa B (NF kappa B), a member of the Rel Family of transcription factors, and nuclear factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) following exposure of endothelial cells to unidirectional shear stress in laminar flow. NF kappa B binding was stimulated within 30 minutes, reaching and maintaining maximal levels at 1 hour. DNA binding activity was inhibited by pre-incubation of nuclear extract with antibody directed against NF kappa B p65 subunit. AP-1 binding activity was biphasic, rising fourfold within 20 minutes and returning to basal levels before steadily increasing by 2 hours to a high level relative to basal values. These protein kinase C-coupled transcriptional factors may modulate endothelial genes that are shear stress-responsive and that possess appropriate binding sites in the promoter region.

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