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J Appl Bacteriol. 1994 Nov;77(5):519-27.

Characterization of beta-glucosidase activity in yeasts of oenological origin.

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Dipartimento di Biologia, Difesa, Biotecnologie Agro-Forestali, Università della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.


Three hundred and seventeen strains representing 20 species of yeasts were screened for the presence of beta-glucosidase activity. All of the strains of the species Debaryomyces castellii, Deb. hansenii, Deb. polymorphus, Kloeckera apiculata and Hansenula anomala showed beta-glucosidase activity, but only one of 153 strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The other species behaved differently, depending upon the strain. The strains that hydrolysed arbutin were checked to localize the beta-glucosidase activity. A strain of Deb. hansenii exhibited the highest exocellular activity and some wall-bound and intracellular activity. The beta-glucosidase synthesis from this yeast was enhanced by aerobic conditions of growth, was repressed by high glucose concentration (9%) and occurred during exponential growth. The optimum conditions for enzymatic preparations of Deb. hansenii were between pH 4.0 and 5.0 and 40 degrees C. A high concentration of ethanol and glucose did not reduce the enzymatic activity. The enzymatic preparations of Deb. hansenii released monoterpenols and other alcohols from a grape glycoside extract.

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