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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1994 Nov;41(11):1024-30.

Toward functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) theory and experiment.

Author information

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332-0250.

Abstract

This paper examines the use of magnetic fields to functionally stimulate peripheral nerves. All electric fields are induced via a changing magnetic field whose flux is entirely confined within a closed magnetic circuit. Induced electric fields are simulated using a nonlinear boundary element solver. The induced fields are solved using duality theory. The accuracy of these predictions is verified by saline bath experiments. Next, the theory is applied to the stimulation of nerves using small, partially occluded ferrite and laminated vanadium permendur cores. Experiments demonstrate the successful stimulation of peripheral nerves in the African bullfrog with 11 mA, 153 mV excitations. These results offer a new vista of possibilities in the area of functional nerve stimulation. Unlike functional electric stimulation (FES), FMS does not involve any half cell reactions, and thus would not have the commensurate FES restrictions regarding balanced biphasic stimulation, strength duration balances, and oxidation issues, always exercising care that the electrodes remain in the reversible operating regime.

PMID:
8001991
DOI:
10.1109/10.335840
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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