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Microbiology. 1994 Oct;140 ( Pt 10):2775-86.

Cloning and sequencing show that 4-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase (PobA) is required for uptake of 4-hydroxybenzoate in Rhizobium leguminosarum.

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School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Murdoch University, Western Australia.


Mutants of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae MNF300 and R. leguminosarum bv. trifolii WU95 unable to accumulate 4-hydroxybenzoate lack 4-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase. The capacity of these mutants to take up and grow on 4-hydroxybenzoate was restored by a 2.0 kb EcoRI-PstI DNA fragment. This contained only one ORF which had over 60% DNA sequence similarity with the structural gene for 4-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase (pobA) from Pseudomonas spp. and Acinetobacter. Reported effects of metabolic inhibitors and substrate analogues on the apparent uptake of 4-hydroxybenzoate have now been shown to be due to their direct effect on 4-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase. We propose that uptake of 4-hydroxybenzoate is via a metabolic 'drag' mechanism dependent on the activity of the pobA gene product.

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